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“Ecosystem Services” in The Handmaid’s Tale

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Written by: m.wilson

It could be argued that in Margaret Atwood’s book The Handmaid’s Tale, women become the fifth category of “ecosystem services.” The ecosystem (or nature) services report was published back in 2005 by the United Nations. It organizes ecosystems into four categories - provisional, regulating, supporting, and cultural services. Provisioning is - Food, wood, fresh water, etc. Regulating means - climate regulation, water purification, disease regulation, etc. Cultural includes - educational, aesthetic, spiritual, etc.; and Supporting describes - primary production, nutrient cycling, soil formation, etc.

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